Methodology If the reading is based on any kind of research e. Some theories or principles only apply in certain situations. Evidence It is essential to consider the quality of the evidence in the reading, as this directly relates to the usefulness of the reading.
As such it is typically intellectually flawed, however pragmatically successful it might be. Critical thinking varies according to the motivation underlying it. At the same time, they recognize the complexities often inherent in doing so.
Is the research qualitative or quantitative? They are keenly aware of the inherently flawed nature of human thinking when left unchecked.
Do you have questions that are not answered in the reading? Does the theory explain the entire conclusion or only part of it? What details are missing? Are there any claims that seem unusual or extraordinary?
Try, for example, a PESTLE analysis, which examines the political, economic, sociological, technological, legal, and environmental perspectives and implications. Are there better methods? Quantitative research involves measuring quantifying and analysing specific numerical or statistical data.
Balance In order to read critically you have to consider whether the argument is appropriately balanced, looking at the issue or problem from relevant perspectives. A reading that offers several perspectives is more balanced, and a strong argument must consider and argue against counter-arguments.
Does the logic flow? It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: Is the reading trying to convince you of something?
Is the reading biased? In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: Definitions are an important part of academic study: Another Brief Conceptualization of Critical Thinking Critical thinking is self-guided, self-disciplined thinking which attempts to reason at the highest level of quality in a fair-minded way.
Could other research prove this research wrong?
The unexamined life is not worth livingbecause they realize that many unexamined lives together result in an uncritical, unjust, dangerous world.
When there is more than one way to explain evidence, you must carefully evaluate the plausibility of each explanation. We offer here overlapping definitions, together which form a substantive, transdisciplinary conception of critical thinking.
They recognize the complexities in developing as thinkers, and commit themselves to life-long practice toward self-improvement. It is thus to be contrasted with: It may also be a controversial or debatable argument, or this reading may be discussing the argument from a different perspective.
They are more likely to be biased. An introduction to critical thinking.
Personal experience may not apply to other cases and so is not easily generalized Is the evidence accurate?Ebook Smart Thinking: Skills For Critical Understanding And Writing × Ebook Smart Thinking: Skills For Critical Understanding And Writing by Gertrude A ebook Smart Thinking: Skills for Critical Understanding and has through the loved round collections.
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