Dialect and register may be thought of as different dimensions of variation. Dialectology A commonly studied source of variation is regional dialects. Writing of Standard English, John Algeo suggests that the standard variety "is simply what English speakers agree to regard as good".
However, AAE is a rule-governed, valid language variety that adequately and uniquely expresses the collective experiences of its speakers. This is the basis of the apparent-time hypothesis where age-based variation is taken as an indication of linguistic change in progress.
More often, though, standard varieties are understood only implicitly. Affluent Vietnamese Americans  and middle-class Japanese Americans  are shown to align to more standard English varieties, while Laotions and other Southeast Asians have more vernacular speech patterns.
The reasons for this are the following: Standard varieties are more prestigious than other, nonstandard varieties and are generally thought of as "correct" by speakers of the language. This is called the "Principle of Accountability" in Tagliamonte That is, a polite and empathic male will tend to be accommodated to on the basis of their being polite and empathic, rather than their being male.
Comparing conversational goals, she argued that men have a report style, aiming to communicate factual information, whereas women have a rapport style, more concerned with building and maintaining relationships. Dialectology is the study of dialects and their geographic or social distribution.
Dialectology studies variations in language based primarily on geographic distribution and their associated features. Labov specifies the ideal sociolinguistic variable to be high in frequency, have a certain immunity from conscious suppression, be an integral part of larger structures, and be easily quantified on a linear scale.
A similarly important observation is that this accommodation is usually towards the language style, not the gender of the person. There have been many different perspectives[ vague ] to engaging with African American English as a variety. Speakers may shift styles, as their perception of an event in progress changes.
Dialect, which refers to differences in syntax, morphologyand vocabulary as well as pronunciation, is the broader term. Is this the Cuban embassy? After the caller identifies herself, the receptionist recognizes that she is speaking to a friend, and she shifts to an informal register of colloquial Cuban Spanish.
That is, speakers of a particular age will use a specific linguistic form in successive generations.
One essential part of the methodology is to count up the number of tokens of a particular variant and compare it to the number of times the variant could have occurred. It is general social acceptance that gives us a workable arbitrary standard, not any inherent superiority of the characteristics it specifies.
That is, to say that women use a particular speaking style more than men do is akin to saying that men are taller than women i.
Unlike dialects, which are used by particular speech communities and associated with geographical settings or social groupings, registers are associated with particular situations, purposes, or levels of formality.
Sociolinguists concerned with grammatical and phonological features that correspond to regional areas are often called dialectologists.
Age-graded variation is a stable variation which varies within a population based on age. Analysis and methodology[ edit ] Analyzing sociolinguistic variation often involves the use of statistical programs to handle its multi-variable nature.
One example of subgroup vernacular is the speech of street youth. For scholars who regard language as a shared social practice, the idiolect is more like a dialect with a speech community of one individual.Free Essay: Regional accents show great variation across the areas where English is spoken as a first language.
This reading provided an overview of the many. Chapter 7: Language variation 1 Chapter 7 Language and variation Introduction The study of language variation is an important part of sociolinguistics, to the extent that it requires reference to social factors.
Languages vary from one place to another, linguistic items, as is the case with a slang. Mar 16, · Language and Regional Variation These slides are based on a chapter of The Study of Language by George Yule. The topics covered are Dialect, Dialectology, Isogloss and Dialect boundaries, Standard Language, Bilingualism, Diglossia, Language Codification and Standardization, Pidgins and mint-body.com: Muhammad Shakir.
Regional Variation Idiolect – the form of language spoken by one person. every person has their own idiolect; Dialect – uniformity in language within a certain group.
when a group of speakers of a particular language differs noticeably in. The term linguistic variation (or simply variation) refers to regional, social, or contextual differences in the ways that a particular language is used.
Variation between languages, dialects, and speakers is known as interspeaker mint-body.comion within the language of a single speaker is called intraspeaker variation. Since the rise of sociolinguistics in. Chapter 18 language and regional variation 1.
LANGUAGE AND REGIONAL VARIATION Chapter 18 – study of the language George YULE LINGUISTICS Carlos Lara.Download