Sadly, today the distance between research in psychology and in public administration seems greater than ever. According to Simon decision making is the most important activity of administration.
There were also attempts made by scholars to differentiate between politics and administration, hence comparative study of two to understand Public Administration better came into existence.
For the moment, we would take a step back and try and understand the reason behind so many approaches to this field of study and why were they required. The Behavioural science and the case study approach has impacted a distinct shift in the techniques of comparative approach in which the normative study of comparative administration merged gradually into the empirical and explanatory writings on different administrative systems.
The new trend involves a greater interest in the environment factors as they interact with public administration. This view prevails particularly in United States during the period between the two world wars and its greatest exponents were Leonard.
Henry Fayol worked on his Fayolism at around the same time as Taylor and came up with different set of functions and principles for the management bringing in terms like discipline, unity of command, equity and team spirit.
It is a method in which an administrative decision, in any given question or issue, is made the focal point for historical exposition. These eight articles are excellent examples of the potential added value of psychological insights to key public administration questions.
It also helped to develop an understanding of what, how and why of the way the public administrators act.
Herbort Sumon was one of the torch bearers of this moment and stated that administrative behavior is part of behavioral sciences and the study of public administration cannot be complete without the study of individual and collective human behavior in administrative situations.
Case Method Approach A case is a narration of what has actually taken place in administration, keeping in fact the context and all relevant dimensions. The legal or juristic method is mostly used in France, Germany, and Belgium.
It is now realized that these factors conditions and are conditioned by governmental behavior and hence their study is an essential part of study of public administration. We hope that this Virtual Issue inspires scholars and practitioners to deepen the dialogue between public administration and psychology.
It follows a descriptive course with an exception to the studies carried out in the areas of motivation Individuals were paid attention to and aspects like motivation, decision making, authority and control were brought into focus The informal aspects of an organization and communication patterns amongst the members were emphasized The effort was to identify operational definition of terms and a lot of empirical study like field study, laboratory study and statistical methods were conducted It borrows a lot from other social sciences, social psychology and cultural anthropology This approach made more sense and had greater relevance than earlier approaches as it took into consideration the fact that the political, social, economical and psychological environments have an effect on human motivation and which ultimately has an effect on the work output of an individual.
Combining Insights from Public Administration and Psychology. It showed that the way administration is conducted is influenced by human sentiments, presumptions biases and perception, which many of us may have experienced firsthand during our interaction with government organizations and public administrators.
By this time, some important work had started happening in the areas of Human Relations by the likes of Elton Mayo, his Hawthorne experiment threw interesting light on social and psychological forces in work situations. We highlight eight of these articles in particular.
On account of these developments, more importance is given to communication. The trend also seems to indicate a recent increase of this type of articles. A recently published four more volumes of its case Studies. According to the scientific management approach, the problems of the public administration should be studied by the methods and spirit of science.
It provides the student with indications concerning the legislative and institutional framework within which the problem to be solved by the administrative agencies arises. The movement started off as a protest to the traditional approaches to public administration that focused on organizations, institutionalization, rules, and code of conducts etc with absolutely no mention of people who are the center of all these activities.
Historical approach is also a fascinating area of study. Scientific management taking efficiency as the objective, views administration as a technical problem concerned basically with the division of labour and specialization of functions.
Ideographic approach showed interest in concrete situations, case studies, area information and particular facts while the present emphasis is on theory or testable propositions which assert regularities of behavior and correlation between variables.
Public administration was considered to be a part of law, concentrating on legally prescribed structure and organization of Public authorities.
Under the traditional approaches the only recognized means of communication were the formal orders and circulars issued by the superior to the subordinates and reports and returns submitted by the subordinates to their superiors.
They defined the task of administration as nonpolitical or technical which lay merely in carrying out the will of political authority by either neutral means. Public administration as a serious subject which required scientific attention was first promulgated by Woodrow Wilson and as we read in the Wilsonian vision of Public Administration he fiercely recommended that there should be more scrutiny and debate and studies carried out in this area to make it more efficient and robust.
It concerns itself with the decisions, outcomes and the political skill needed to perform a particular managerial job. One can easily infer that the approaches to study this field would also be as varied and as vast as the subject matter itself.
In the comparative public administration approach stimulated by the United Nations, the emphasis is on understanding the problems of administration operating under different socio —political and cultural settings.
Originated in the United States this approach focuses on the actual behavior of persons and groups in organizations and has four Characters which are of follows The increased attention to the individual and his relationship to the administrative organization in which scientific-management approach tended to consider him rather as a thing or a means, without taking in to account the different aspects of his personality and his relationship to interests and social group other than the administrative organization in which he worked.Behavioral public administration is the analysis of public administration from the micro-perspective of individual behavior and attitudes by.
A Behavioral Approach to Public Administration and Research Methods. Besides its theories, psychological research can also contribute to the methodological development of public administration. We emphasize two methodological contributions that research in psychology can make to the conduct of behaviorally informed public administration.
View Notes - Behavioral systems approach to public administration from CPAD at University of Zululand. The behavioral approach to public administration owes its genesis to the Human Relations.
Public Administration Mind Map Draft Tara E. Green Capella University MPA/Survey of Research and Practice in Public He was of the approach that administering society’s public decision and allocating its public resources.
The approach recognizes the ambiguity of administrative discretion and the fact that administrators depend on. The Center for Experimental and Behavioral Public Administration (CEBPA) works to support and develop experimental and behavioral approaches to public administration research and practice.
The center houses two online research panels, one a voluntary sample of citizens (CivicPanel) and the other a voluntary sample of public and. The behavioral approach explained: Introduction to the branches of behaviorism in psychology, assumptions of the approach and an evaluation.Download